Install and configure ODBC on Linux

The ODBC driver for Windows is provided as a shared library.

This tutorial shows how to install and configure ODBC on Linux.



The ODBC driver requires a driver manager to manage the DSNs. SQream DB’s driver is built for unixODBC.

Verify unixODBC is installed by running:

$ odbcinst -j
unixODBC 2.3.4
DRIVERS............: /etc/odbcinst.ini
SYSTEM DATA SOURCES: /etc/odbc.ini
USER DATA SOURCES..: /home/rhendricks/.odbc.ini
SQLULEN Size.......: 8
SQLLEN Size........: 8

Take note of the location of .odbc.ini and .odbcinst.ini. In this case, /etc. If odbcinst is not installed, follow the instructions for your platform below:

Install unixODBC on RHEL 7 / CentOS 7

$ yum install -y unixODBC unixODBC-devel

Install unixODBC on Ubuntu

$ sudo apt-get install unixodbc unixodbc-dev

Install the ODBC driver with a script

Use this method if you have never used ODBC on your machine before. If you have existing DSNs, see the manual install process below.

  1. Unpack the tarball Copy the downloaded file to any directory, and untar it to a new directory:

    $ mkdir -p sqream_odbc64
    $ tar xf sqream_2019.2.1_odbc_3.0.0_x86_64_linux.tar.gz -C sqream_odbc64
  2. Run the first-time installer. The installer will create an editable DSN.

    $ cd sqream_odbc64
    ./ --install
  3. Edit the DSN created by editing /etc/.odbc.ini. See the parameter explanation in the section ODBC DSN Parameters.

Install the ODBC driver manually

Use this method when you have existing ODBC DSNs on your machine.

  1. Unpack the tarball Copy the file you downloaded to the directory where you want to install it, and untar it:

    $ tar xf sqream_2019.2.1_odbc_3.0.0_x86_64_linux.tar.gz -C sqream_odbc64

    Take note of the directory where the driver was unpacked. For example, /home/rhendricks/sqream_odbc64

  2. Locate the .odbc.ini and .odbcinst.ini files, using odbcinst -j.

    1. In .odbcinst.ini, add the following lines to register the driver (change the highlighted paths to match your specific driver):

      [ODBC Drivers]
      Description=Driver DSII SqreamODBC 64bit
    2. In .odbc.ini, add the following lines to configure the DSN (change the highlighted parameters to match your installation):

      [ODBC Data Sources]
      Description=64-bit Sqream ODBC

      Parameters are in the form of parameter = value. For details about the parameters that can be set for each DSN, see the section ODBC DSN Parameters.

    3. Create a file called .sqream_odbc.ini for managing the driver settings and logging. This file should be created alongside the other files, and add the following lines (change the highlighted parameters to match your installation):

      # Note that this default DriverManagerEncoding of UTF-32 is for iODBC. unixODBC uses UTF-16 by default.
      # If unixODBC was compiled with -DSQL_WCHART_CONVERT, then UTF-32 is the correct value.
      # Execute 'odbc_config --cflags' to determine if you need UTF-32 or UTF-16 on unixODBC

Install the driver dependencies

Add the ODBC driver path to LD_LIBRARY_PATH:

$ export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$LD_LIBRARY_PATH:/home/rhendricks/sqream_odbc64/lib

You can also add this previous command line to your ~/.bashrc file in order to keep this installation working between reboots without re-entering the command manually

Testing the connection

Test the driver using isql.

If the DSN created is called MyTest as the example, run isql in this format:

$ isql MyTest

ODBC DSN Parameters

Item Default Description
Data Source Name None An easily recognizable name that you’ll use to reference this DSN.
Description None A description of this DSN for your convenience. This field can be left blank
User None Username of a role to use for connection. For example, User="rhendricks"
Password None Specifies the password of the selected role. For example, User="Tr0ub4dor&3"
Database None Specifies the database name to connect to. For example, Database="master"
Service sqream Specifices service queue to use. For example, Service="etl". Leave blank (Service="") for default service sqream.
Server None Hostname of the SQream DB worker. For example, Server="" or Server=""
Port None TCP port of the SQream DB worker. For example, Port="5000" or Port="3108" for the load balancer
Cluster false Connect via load balancer (use only if exists, and check port). For example, Cluster=true
Ssl false Specifies SSL for this connection. For example, Ssl=true
DriverManagerEncoding UTF-16 Depending on how unixODBC is installed, you may need to change this to UTF-32.
ErrorMessagesPath None Location where the driver was installed. For example, ErrorMessagePath=/home/rhendricks/sqream_odbc64/ErrorMessages.
LogLevel 0

Set to 0-6 for logging. Use this setting when instructed to by SQream Support. For example, LogLevel=1

  • 0 = Disable tracing
  • 1 = Fatal only error tracing
  • 2 = Error tracing
  • 3 = Warning tracing
  • 4 = Info tracing
  • 5 = Debug tracing
  • 6 = Detailed tracing